Embryology in the Qur’an

Last Updated 29th March 2014.

I have listed some of the posts related to the subject of Embryology in the Qur’an on this page for easy access. For the remaining articles and posts that are not listed here, please browse the site or use the Categories. Finally, please rate and comment on any posts!

(1) Begin Here

  • Video: The Miracle of Life (14 mins) An amazing 14 minute visual experience showing human development from fertilization to an embryo, and finally to a newborn child.

(2) Presentations by Prof Keith L Moore

Keith Moore

Dr. Keith L. Moore

(3) Presentations by Prof TVN Persaud

Dr. TNV Persaud

Dr. TVN Persaud

(4) Alaqah or “Leech-like” Stage of Human Development

3 week embryo

(5) The Mudghah or “Chewed-Like” Stage of Human Development

Photograph of an embryo about 28 days

(6) Human Development During The First 40 Days

embryo at 40 days

embryo at 40 days

(7) Human Development After The 42nd Day

  • Human Development after the 42nd Day This paper is concerned with the period of prenatal development after the 42nd day. The 7th week of development marks a time of several eventful changes in the external and internal features of the fetus. The paper also reviews the hadith of the Prophet which describes the embryo after the 42nd day (narrated in Saheeh Muslim).

(8) Bone and Muscle Development

Human embryo at Stage 20 showing the cartilage skeleton and skeletal musculature. About days 50 - 51 days (Ulrich Drews, Color Atlas of embryology, page 99)

Human embryo at Stage 20 showing the cartilage skeleton and skeletal musculature. About days 50 – 51 days (Ulrich Drews, Color Atlas of embryology, page 99)

  • Embryology in the Qur’an: Bone and Muscle Development In this paper the processes of embryonic osteogenesis (the production of bone) and myogenesis (formation of muscular tissue) are described in biological terminology; then the Qur’anic terms ’izam (skeleton, bones) and lahm (muscles, flesh) are discussed.

(9) Responses To Contentions

  • Was al-Harith bin Kaladah the Source of the Prophet Muhammad’s Medical Knowledge? Writing under the pen name of Lactantius, a Christian author alleges that the descriptions of human embryonic development as mentioned in the Qur’an had been plagiarised from the writings of ancient Greek physicians. Such writings are said to have been transmitted to the Prophet Muhammad through his companion al-Harith bin Kaladah, who is said to have studied medicine at an old and noted medical school in Jundishapur (southern Persia) where instruction in all of the Greek disciplines could be obtained. This essay investigates the accusation that al-Harith bin Kaladah was the source of the Prophet’s medical knowledge.
  • Does the Qur’an Plagiarse Ancient Greek Embryology? This paper addresses the accusation that the embryological development described in the Qur’an, has been plagiarised from the writings of ancient Greek physicians, such as Galen. The main embryological ideas found in the writings of the ancient Indians, Hippocrates, Aristotle, Galen, and Jewish scriptures are reviewed and then compared to the embryological development stated in the verses of the Qur’an.
  • Did the Prophet Muhammad Plagiarise Ancient Greek Embryology? by Hamza Tzortzis. Commentators assert that the Qur’anic view on human development was plagiarised from Hellenic (Greek) embryology. They specifically claim that the Prophet Muhammad (S) plagiarised the works of the ancient Greek philosopher and polymath Aristotle, and the 2nd century physician and philosopher Galen. To respond to this accusation, this essay will articulate the mainstream Islamic scholarly position that the Prophet (S) did not plagiarise or borrow ideas from Hellenic medicine.

(10) Other Videos

  • Video: Embryology in the Qur’an by Dr. Jamal Badawi (1 hour 55 Mins) A lecture by Dr. Jamal Badawi. A thorough explanation of the Qur’anic verses referring to the development of the embryo and fetus. The lecture is illustrated with slides and includes an in-depth analysis of the relevant Arabic verses with and an extensive Q & A session.

2 thoughts on “Embryology in the Qur’an”

  1. Alhamdulillah your work is really neat. Inshallah I am going to read these articles in detail.

    May Allah guide you and help you in achieving your goal and the goal of this website.

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